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Thursday, March 31, 2016

How to grow bush black pepper in your home garden balcony tutorial


We all know the importance of medicinal plants. The importance of black pepper in Ayurveda medicine can not be ignored. The scientific name of Black pepper is Piper nigrum. In every kitchen it is used as culinary spices. It is also known as peppercorn. In Bengali black pepper is known as “Gol Morich”. The black pepper tree is similar to betel leaf plant. Black pepper plants mostly grow up to 12 feet. Humid and moderate warm temperature is ideal for cultivating bush black pepper.


Seed pantation time

The ideal time for seeding bush black pepper is in the month of March to April. It takes approximately 30 to 45 days to germinate the seed. The plant is full grown when it is one year old.

Where to buy bush black pepper seed in India?

We all know that black pepper seed is found in every grocery shop but this seed can not be used for plantation. Do you know why? Let me tell you that, the production companies heat treat the seeds so that they can not germinate when they are stored in storage. People also say that heat treatment is done so that not everyone get the opportunity to grow in their garden. I have searched many seed selling shop but I returned in empty hands. So I searched online. Ebay.in is best option from my opinion. Here you find both live bush black pepper plants and pepper seeds.

Soil preparation

A soil is considered good when it contains soil, sand and compost. This is also applicable for bush black pepper. Every six month time period you need to add good amount of compost in order to get a good and health bush black pepper tree.

Seed germination

There are two easy ways to germinate black pepper seeds.

1. Pouch method:

Hope you have bought bush pepper seed. For this process first you need one CD pouch, One pepper towel, one marker pen and little water. First take 5 to 10 seed in paper towel and wrap the towel properly. Soak the towel in water properly. Now put the soaked towel with seed inside it inside the CD pouch and sealed it. Now mark seeding date on CD pouch with a marker. It will take upto 30 days to germinate. When seed germinate, transfer them in tree tub to harvest them in your balcony.

2. Germinating in soil:

In this process first you have to soak the seeds in water for 24 hours then dig little holes in soil (not more than 1.5 inch) and put the seeds gently. Cover the seeds with soil and water the seeding area. The seed germination time may take 30 to 45 days in this process. Use organic fertilizer for good growth of your plant.

Care and pest control

Black pepper tree has high immune power to paste and disease. Sometimes root rotten disease is also found in bush black pepper but this is very rare case. If this happens with you may contact to www.spices.res.in.

Black pepper seed harvesting

Now let’s come to the main point i.e. harvesting. The bush black pepper starts flowing after one year of plantation. It differs from place to place and climate condition. Like others plants it starts flowering in spring time. Flower to fruit transformation time is approximately 2 to 3 months. Many people prefer to harvest green pepper as in this stage it contains more flavor but I have talked to a farmer and he replied that when the pepper seed turn some reddish then it is the proper time to harvest. Dry the seeds for approx 7 days and you notice that seeds are turning into black.

Hope you have found this tutorial useful. If you like this tutorial then share this tutorial with your dear ones so that they can also get help from. Your little share will display little caring for us. Subscribe our free email newsletter for similar useful tutorial in your mailbox.



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